Although predominantly arid and semi-arid, Pakistan possesses a great variety of wetlands ranging from coastal mangroves and mudflats in the Indus Delta complex to the glacial lakes of the Himalayas. The total wetland area has been estimated at over 7,800,000 ha. Though rich in biodiversity, these areas have traditionally been neglected both in terms of conservation and sustainable development.

Wetlands can be divided into three categories: inland, riverine and coastal. These wetlands provide substantial economic benefits to local communities as they are a source of staple food, livestock grazing and fodder, fuel-wood, transport, energy generation and irrigation. In addition, these ecosystems provide essential habitats for a number of important mammal species like the smooth coated otter, Indus dolphin, fishing cat, hog deer, and wild boar.

the  following are the major wetlands of Pakistan:

  • Haleji, Hadero, kennjhar lake bufferzone
  • Zangi Nawar Lake
  • Ucchali, Khabbika, Jalar lake bufferzone
  • Rawal Lake
  • The Sind and Mekran coast
  • Indus Delta and River system

Please click on the blue buttons and boxes on the map to access each pwetlands informatio