Toads of Pakistan

 

 

 

 


Ladakh Toad

Bufo latastii

 

Description:

Head flat, without bony ridges. Interorbital space narrower than upper eyelid. Tympanum distinct, half the diameter of eye. Toes with double subarticular tubercles. Parotoid kidney shaped. Snout vent length 50-62 mm. Color: Dorsum olive, spotted or marbled with black, a light vertebral band, ventrum more or less spotted, tips of digits black.

Distribution and Habitat:
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India, Pakistan, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Afghanistan.

Dubois and Martens (1977) extensively collected B. latastii Boulenger, from Nepal, Ladakh, Kashmir and northern Indian Punjab, which earlier reports identified as B. viridis (Steindachner, 1867; Stoliczka 1872a; Anderson 1872). In Pakistan this toad has been recorded from Ladakh in Baltistan between 2600 to 3000 m of elevation.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors:
Tadpole: Dark brown, oval bulging body, weaker tail with low fins; inhabit small pools with vegetation. The tadpole has typical bufonid labial tooth row formula 2(2)/3, and feeds on pond vegetation. Total length 25-27 mm, tail 17-19 mm.

 

Trends and Threats:
Pollution

 

Relation to Humans:
Extends in human inhabitations, and agriculture area, feeding on insects and their larvae

 

Comments:

None

 

Possible reasons for amphibian decline:

Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Urbanization
Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants

 

Reference:

Anderson, J. (1872). ''On some Persian, Himalayan and other reptiles.'' Proc. Zool. Soc. London , 1872, 417-498..

Steindachner, F. (1867). Amphibien.. Novara-Expedition, Zoologisches Theil. Vienna I:1-70.

Stoliczka, F. (1872). ''Observation on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia.'' Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 39:134-228.

 

Credits: All information, pictures and maps property of:

  • Dr. Muhammad Sharif Khan
  • AmphibiaWeb(http://elib.cs.berkeley.edu/aw)

 

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copyright 1999-2002-wildlife of Pakistan-all rights reserved

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