Toads of Pakistan





Ladakh Toad

Bufo latastii



Head flat, without bony ridges. Interorbital space narrower than upper eyelid. Tympanum distinct, half the diameter of eye. Toes with double subarticular tubercles. Parotoid kidney shaped. Snout vent length 50-62 mm. Color: Dorsum olive, spotted or marbled with black, a light vertebral band, ventrum more or less spotted, tips of digits black.

Distribution and Habitat:
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: India, Pakistan, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Afghanistan.

Dubois and Martens (1977) extensively collected B. latastii Boulenger, from Nepal, Ladakh, Kashmir and northern Indian Punjab, which earlier reports identified as B. viridis (Steindachner, 1867; Stoliczka 1872a; Anderson 1872). In Pakistan this toad has been recorded from Ladakh in Baltistan between 2600 to 3000 m of elevation.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors:
Tadpole: Dark brown, oval bulging body, weaker tail with low fins; inhabit small pools with vegetation. The tadpole has typical bufonid labial tooth row formula 2(2)/3, and feeds on pond vegetation. Total length 25-27 mm, tail 17-19 mm.


Trends and Threats:


Relation to Humans:
Extends in human inhabitations, and agriculture area, feeding on insects and their larvae





Possible reasons for amphibian decline:

Habitat modification from deforestation, or logging related activities
Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants



Anderson, J. (1872). ''On some Persian, Himalayan and other reptiles.'' Proc. Zool. Soc. London , 1872, 417-498..

Steindachner, F. (1867). Amphibien.. Novara-Expedition, Zoologisches Theil. Vienna I:1-70.

Stoliczka, F. (1872). ''Observation on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia.'' Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 39:134-228.


Credits: All information, pictures and maps property of:

  • Dr. Muhammad Sharif Khan
  • AmphibiaWeb(


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